HISTORY, EDUCATION, MAPS, STATISTICS, PROPAGANDA – GREECE AND OTTOMAN MACEDONIA IN 19TH CENTURY

Dalibor Jovanovski

Abstract


After the well-known speech of Ioannis Kolettis in Greek Parliament in Janua-ry 1844, Macedonia became one of the regions of Ottoman Empire toward which Gre-ece directed its territorial ambitions. Thus, Macedonia became a significant place of the interest for Greek historians and other intellectuals. During the second half of 19th cen-tury substantial changes took place in the Greek historiography. During the first two decades of Greek independent state, Ancient Macedonia and Byzantium were not consi-dered as a part of the Greek past. However, after 1844, Ancient Macedonia and Byzan-tium became an important part of Greek heritage. The reason was very simple. Both of them were used for proving that Macedonia was a historical Greek land. So, this Otto-man region should become a part of the future expanded Greek state. On the other hand, the territory of the ancient Macedonian kingdom was used by the Greek intellec-tuals, in cartography, to prove that the northern part of Modern Macedonian region was not a historical Macedonia. However, ethnic composition of Macedonian populati-on did not fit Greek interest. The Greek population in Ottoman Macedonia was a minor in comparison with the others. That was the main reason for creation of Athens society for the expansion of Greek education.

Keywords: MACEDONIA, GREECE, MAPS, STATISTIC, PROPAGANDA


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