HIGHER EDUCATION AS ENVIRONMENT FOR CRITICAL THINKING

Suzana Miovska Spaseva

Abstract


The article puts emphasis on critical thinking and its importance
in organizing and realization of the process of teaching and
learning in higher education. Having in mind contemporary reform
changes which were initiated with the documents of the Bologna process,
the aims and objectives of higher education are reexamined, which
means knowledge, skills and abilities that students should develop during
their academic life. Then follows a brief historical review of the
characteristics and conditions for realization of the university teaching
during the period of fifty year free development of higher education in
Macedonia as a necessary context for the presence of critical thinking
in students’ teaching and learning. The main attention in the article is
focused on creating environment for critical thinking in higher education,
which is examined on a macro and micro level. On one hand, several
key priorities regarding the organization of teaching and the role
of the university teacher are elaborated. On the other hand, critical
thinking is regarded as a key element of the classroom activities.
Therefore, several conditions for its encouragement are indicated and
analyzed.

Key words: HIGHER EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY TEACHING,
CRITICAL THINKING.


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