ETHNIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES IN SKOPJE IN THE FIFTIES OF THE XX CENTURY

Borce Ilievski

Abstract


In the fifties of the last century significant demographic and
ethnic changes occurred in Skopje and the Skopje area. The population
grew rapidly in the period of 1948 till 1961, the population only in the
city increased by almost 80,000 residents.
Another important factor that affected the ethno demographic
structure of the city and its area is the fact that part of Turks and other
Muslim population emigrated and numerous immigrants from the Kosovo
and Metohija area and Sandzak, as well as from other areas in Macedonia
settled down in the city.
The city rapidly changed its physiognomy as a consequence of
the rapid increase of its inhabitants. These settlers were mostly concentrated
in the core of the old city or in the peripheral neighborhoods,
living under low standard housing conditions, often in illegally built
settlements. Large number of negative consequences occurred such as
economy problems, health problems, and a growing percentage of unemployment, because of the mass migration. In the analysis of the leadership
in Macedonia already in the mid fifties was concluded that the
mass migration in Macedonia and especially in Skopje was a serious
problem.

Key words: ETHNIC - DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES, MIGRATIONS,
ETHNIC MOVEMENTS, SKOPJE, SKOPJE AREA, CENSUS
OF POPULATION


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