THE OHRID BISHOPRIC IN THE IXth CENTURY

Toni Filipovski

Abstract


Christianity in Ohrid has been present for a long time and
throughout history it has appeared in various forms and with different
intensity. The missionary work of St. Erazmus of Lychnidos (late 3rd
century); the existence of the Lychnidos Bishopric (the 4th- end of the 6th
century); then a kind of a renewal of the late antique church presented
by the Byzantine Ohrid Bishopric (9th century) and certain parallel Slav
missionary-educational work of St. Clement of Ohrid; and finally the
foundation of the Ohrid Archbishopric/Patriarchate (11th-18th century),
which with its high church status and many years of being active left the
most lasting mark on the development of the Christian institutional organising
in the town of Ohrid and wider in Macedonia. However, it
seems that in science the appearance and the activity of the Ohrid Bishopric
in the 9th century has been rather neglected and has not received
the proper treatment, to the advantage of the more comprehensive presence
of issues related to St. Clement and the Ohrid Archbishopric. In
regard to this Byzantium institution as especially important for the scientific
elaboration are the following issues: the time and the militarypolitical
context for the emergence of the Bishopric; the supposed consequences
from the Bulgarian conquering of Ohrid; the probable temporary
Romaioi-Slav parallelism in the church affairs in Ohrid; the
possible reasons and circumstances for the abolition or pushing out of
the Bishopric, etc. In this scientific contribution we try to offer partial
or complete answers to the posed questions being aware of their utter
complexity.


Key words: OHRID, OHRID BISHOPRIC, GAVRIL OF OHRID,
LICHNIDOS, CLEMENT OF OHRID, PRINC BORIS


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