Vesna Tomovska


The endeavor of providing a precise and comprehensive definition
of the rhetoric, from antiquity to the present day, remains inside the
limits of an ongoing activity and has, consequently, produced numerous
disparate interpretations and articulations. This situation is a result of
a long-standing and uninterrupted rich tradition of the rhetoric, of its
interrelation with other disciplines and of its capability to continually
generate new fields of research and specialization.
Definitions offered by the authors of the antiquity, may be divided
in two categories and reduced to two generalized definitions:
1. Rhetoric is an art of civic discourse and
2. Rhetoric is an art of persuasion by words.
Neither the antiquity nor the centuries that followed ever proposed
a single and constant definition of the rhetoric. However, the
numerous attempts to give a strict and comprehensive description of the
rhetoric in the antiquity emphasized several basic components of its
identity. These are as follows: the art, the persuasion, the public and
the language as a particular linguistic form. Each of these components
is the object of research of different disciplines which continue to
maintain the rhetoric’s vitality and capability of innovating other intellectual

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