MODERN CONFLICTS AND ARMIES AND THE SUPPORTING ROLE OF WOMEN

Zorica Saltirovsk

Abstract


Although war has always influenced people in many ways, that
influence has never been as vast as is the case with modern conflicts.
Women, who are not even taking part in military actions, due to the fact
that these actions are generally considered to be “a male job”, suffer
the greatest damage. In modern conflicts, 90% of the victims are civilians,
most of whom are women and children. Women who come from
conflict-stricken societies also face specific forms of violence, sexual
and other, which are most often systematically employed means to a
political end. Added to the discrimination and the lack of law-inforcement
in the post-conflict period, sexual violence prevents women from
access to education and financial independence, and from partaking in
the peace-building process. Women contribute greatly in mostly informal
ways, while their presence in formal peace-building processes is
weak and insignificant. An exclusion of that sort leads inevitably to
failure in responding properly to women’s issues, among which sexual
violence, post-conflict responsibilities and women’s rights.


Key words: CONFLICTS, ARMIES, WOMEN, DISCRIMINATION


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