DOUBLE-WAY EU STRATEGY OF ENLARGEMENT AND CIVILIAN CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN WESTERN BALKAN

Sergej Cvetkovski

Abstract


Following the successive wars in ex Yugoslavia through last
decade of past century, the EU has changed it’s focus from prevention
of armed conflicts toward sphere of justice and internal affairs. In engaging
the countries of Western Balkan in achievement of their internal
security goals, EU has developed the strategy of dual-track approach.
Providing them with perspective of future membership, EU has initiated
pre-accession process that aims not only in strengthening the cooperation
in the sphere of JHA but also towards gradually transformation of
these countries in to the full-pledged member states that are capable to
participate in the European field of freedom, security and justice by
themselves. The stabilization and association process was driven by
strategy of governance by conditionality. The network governance is
another instrument as a complement of the conditionality strategy.
Moreover EU has deployed it’s police and rule of law missions under
ESDP in order of achieving the goal of internal security in those countries
of Western Balkans where activities connected with JHA of Stabilization
and association process were evaluated as insufficient. While
police missions in Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina has enforced
activities of regards HJA, the ESDP rule of law mission in Kosovo
was replacement for EU enlargement dimension. In sum, it could
be presented that EU cooperation in justice and internal affairs in these
countries has become one of driving forces of overall external political
engagement in the region.


Key words: EU, WESTERN BALKANS, STRATEGIES, STABILISATION
AND ASSOCIATION AGREEMENT, CRISIS MANAGEMENT


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