Introduction: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are often excluded from the labour market and face many obstacles on their way to employment.

Aim: The main aim is giving the persons with ID a possibility to participate in occasional employment, providing them suitable work skills, sustainable knowledge and competencies, as well as suitable skills for more active life. 

Materials and methods: We analysed 90 evaluation questionnaires (filled out by students, mentors, parents and craftsmen), during a 3-year project (September 2013 - October 2015). The Spearman Correlation Coefficient and Chi-square test were used for statistical data analysis.

Results: We determined the level of satisfaction expressed by parents, mentors and students, related to guided employment (c2 = 1,07; p > 0,05; c2 = 0,04; p > 0,05;c2 = 0,04; p > 0,05). Workshops were balanced with theoretical and practical content (c2 = 16,58; p < 0,05).

 Mentors, parents, students and craftsmen expressed similar opinions in regards to the success of individual workshops (it depended on the type of workshop); mentors (c2 = 16,76; p < 0,05);  parents (ϱ = 0,99, p < 0,05); students (ϱ = 0,55; p > 0,05), craftsmen (ϱ = 0,79; p < 0,05). Craftsmen were willing to accept students with ID even without adapting the working conditions or state incentives (c2 = 3,34; p > 0,05).

Conclusion: Implementation of selected workshops, related to guided employment showed that employment of people with ID is possible under professional guidance of mentors.


guided employment, students with intellectual disabilities, workshops

Full Text:



European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education. Raising the Achievement of all Learners in Inclusive Education draft-project plane. Athens. 2015. Available from: URL: https://www. 20athene.

European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education. Organisation of provision to support Inclusive Education, thematic seminar, Ljubljana, 22. October 2013 (the seminar material).

Fergusson A, Duffield T. Multicultural inclusion for pupils with severe or profound and multiple learning difficulties. Tilstone C, Richard R, eds. In: Strategies to Promote Inclusive Practice; 2004; 34–47.

Sardoč M. Pravice otrok s posebnimi potrebami do inkluzivnega izobraževanja. Založnik B, ed. Otroci s posebnimi potrebami, integracija in inkluzija. Nova Gorica; 2006; 9–14.

Žgur E. Supplementary education and training for adults with multiple deficits. Balantič Z, ed. In: Focus 2020: proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Organizational Science Development. Kranj; 2014; 792–797.

Zakonu o usmerjanju oseb s posebnimi potrebami. Ur.l. RS 54/2000 in 58/2011.

Zakonu o družbenem varstvu duševno in telesno prizadetih oseb. Ur.l. RS 41/83, 114/06, 61/10 in 40/11.

Zavod za zaposlovanje Slovenije. 2017. Available from: URL: iskalci zaposlitve /prosta_delovna_mesta.

Zakon o zaposlitven i rehabilitaciji in zaposlovanju invalidov. Ur.l. RS, št. 96/12,98/14.

Cremin C. Capitalism's New Clothes: Enterprise, Ethics and Enjoyment in Times of Crisis. Lonodn: Pluto Press, 2011.

Stiles T, Haeger H. At the Intersection of Class and Disability: The Impact of Forms of Capital on College Access and Success for Students with Learning Disabilities. Charleston SC: Proquest, Umi Dissertation Publishing. 2011.

Mitchel D. What Really Works in Special and Inclusive Education: Using Evidence-Based Teaching Strategies. London: Routledge, 2014.

Rutar D, Kralj R, Praznik I. Hendikep, delo in družba. CiriusKamnik, Medvode: 2015: 5–9.

Evropska komisija za gospodarski razvoj. 2015. Available from: URL: economy_finance/eu/forecasts/index_sl.htm.

Pavel I, Štefanič P. Socialno podjetje, odideje k praksi. Šent: 2005; 7–8.

Zakon o socialnempodjetništvu. 2011. Available from: URL:

MDDSZEM. 2015. Availablefrom: URL:

Portal MIZŠ. 2015. Available from: URL:

Posebni program VIZ. 2014.Available from: URL: podrocja /direktorat/zapredsolskovzgojoinosnovno_solstvo/izobrazevanje/posebni_program.

Cirius Kamnik. 2015. Available from: URL:

Žgur E. Publikacija Centra V hiši tri in tri. Cirius Vipava. Vipava; 2010.

MIZŠ RS, Uredba Komisije o pravilih za izvajanje Uredbe Sveta Evrope o splošnih določbah o Evropskem skladu za regionalni razvoj, Evropskem socialnem skladu in Kohezijskem skladu. 2013. Available from: URL:

Zakon o poklicnem in strokovnem izobraževanju. Ur.l. RS 79/ 2006.

Služba vlade RS za razvoj in evropsko kohezijsko politiko. 2015. Available from: URL:

MIZŠ. 2015. Available from: URL: http://www. javne_objave_in_razpisi/.

Kovač MZ. Smo po dvajsetletnem obdobju iz enega enoumnja v drugo sposobni preseči obstoječi model razvoja v Sloveniji. Strokovna tematska konferenca socialnega podjetništva-izzivi in perspektiva, Murska Sobota, 2010.

Bregantič A. Intelektualni in socialni kapital: vloga in pomen v podjetju. 2009. Available from: URL: bregantic100.pdf.

Salkever DS, Sorkin AL (ed). The Economics of Disability. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. 2001.

Campbell J. Without the Independent Living Fund, it's a bad time to disabled. 2014. Available from: URL: mentisfree/2014/mar/31/independent-living-fund-disabled.

European Agency for Development in Special Needs Education. Mapping the Implementation of Policy for Inclusive Education, An Explorations of Challengesand Opportunities for Developing Indicators. 2014. Available from: URL:https:// mapping.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Article Metrics Graph

No metrics found.


  • There are currently no refbacks.