RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LIFE BUILDING SKILLS AND SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT OF STUDENTS WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELING

Samuel О ADENIYI, Stella C ANYAMA

Abstract


Introduction: Hearing impairment contributes
greatly to social and psychological deficits
of the affected individuals, which can affect
their interpersonal relation. The inability
to hear and communicate effectively results
in adjustment problem that leads to social
isolation.
Objectives: The objective of this study is to
examine the relationship between life building
skills and social adjustment of students with
hearing impairment.
Methods: The study employed descriptive
survey research design. The samples consisted
of 150 students with hearing impairment
purposively selected from two inclusive
schools in Lagos state, Nigeria. The
samples comprised of 65 boys and 85 girls
with age range between 15 and 18 years in
the Senior Secondary School. The instruments
used for data collection were Life
building skills inventory (adapted) with reliability
of 0.80 and Social adjustment scale
(Self developed). The instruments consisted
of two sections namely: A&B. Section A
of Life building skills contained bio- data of
the respondents, while B contained 3 subscales:
Self-efficacy inventory adapted from 

Schwarzer and Jerusalem 1995 with reliability
of 0.85, Decision-making inventory
adapted from Rowe 1997 with reliability
of 0.75, Assertiveness inventory adapted
from Aberti and Emmons 1995 with reliability
of 0.80. The self-constructed Social
Adjustment scale contained 10 items probing
questions with reliability of 0.69. Data
collected was analysed using Pearson
Product Moment Correlation and Multiple
Regression.
Results: The results revealed relative contributions
of some life building skills to social
adjustment of students with hearing impairment.
There were joint contributions of
the independent variables to dependent variable,
while decision-making contributed
mostly.
Conclusion: This study examined relationship
between life building skills and social
adjustment of students with hearing impairment
with a bid to provide adequate counseling
services. It was found that relationship
exists between life building skills and
social adjustment of the participants which
then calls for active counseling services in
schools.


Keywords


Life building skills, Social adjustment, Students with hearing impairment

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