PARENTAL ACCEPTANCE / REJECTION AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG ADOLESCENTS WITH AND WITHOUT DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR

Orhideja ŠURBANOVSKA, Zoran KITKANJ, Natasha RISTOVSKA

Abstract


Introduction: This paper analyzes the parental
acceptance or rejection and the emotional
intelligence among adolescents with and without
delinquent behavior.
Objectives: The primary objective of this study
is to explore the differences between parents’
acceptance/rejection (by mother and father,
respectively) and the emotional intelligence
among adolescentswith and without delinquent
behavior, as well as the correlation between
parents’ acceptance/rejection (by mother and
father, respectively) and the emotional intelligence
among minors with delinquent behavior.
Methods: The survey was conducted on two
groups of adolescents, that is, 30 respondents
serving a prison sentence for minors and/or have
been imposed an educational measure of referral
to an Educational and Correctional Facility
aged 14 to 18, and 40 respondents that are secondary
school students at the same age. In this
research, the terms minors and adolescents both
refer to persons aged 14-18 years. All respondents
were males. The following measuring instruments
were used: Parental Acceptance/Rejection Questionnaire and a Questionnaire for Measuring Emotional Intelligence – 45.

Results: Minors with and without delinquent behavior
differ considerably in terms of perceiving
parental acceptance (by the mother and by the
father), aggressiveness, neglect and undifferentiated
rejection. The feeling of being rejected by
the parents is more common among minors with
delinquent behavior than in those without such
behavior. Furthermore, minors with delinquent
behavior have lower emotional intelligence compared
with their peers without delinquent behavior.
Positive associations were found between
parental acceptance and emotional intelligence.
Conclusion: Minors with delinquent behavior
have experienced lower acceptance and higher
rejection from the parents and have lower
emotional intelligence than their peers without
delinquent behavior. In general, parental
acceptance is associated with higher emotional
intelligence.

 


Keywords


parental acceptance/rejection, emotional intelligence, adolescents (minors) with and without delinquent behavior

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