DEVELOPMENT OF PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS OF STUTTERING CHILDREN AND CHILDREN WITH FLUENT SPEECH

Leila BEGIC, Zamir MRKONJIC, Nevzeta SALIHOVIC

Abstract


The aim of this study was to determine
characteristics of phonological awareness of
stuttering children and children with fluent
speech. The sample consisted of 64 children,
between 56 and 83 months old (4 years and 8
months to 6 years and 11 months).
Examinees were divided in two groups. The
first group consisted of 32 stuttering
children, 19 males, and 13 females. The
control group consisted of 32 children with
fluent speech, whose age and sex were equal
to the age and sex of the children in the
experimental group. The research was
conducted in preschools and primary schools
in Tuzla and Una-Sana Canton in Bosnia and
Herzegovina. The subjects were examined
with 7 subtests (syllable and phoneme
blending abilities, ability to rhyme, phoneme
segmentation, phoneme deletion, phoneme
transposition and spoonerisms). Each of the
subtest scores, which index a variety of
phonological awareness abilities, was
examined separately. Phonological
awareness score is the total score which
relates to a common result that the subjects
achieved on these 7 individual subtests. The
results showed that there were no statistically
significant differences between stuttering children and their peers with fluent speech in
relation to Phonological awareness score. The
examination of differences between stuttering
and non-stuttering children in individual
variables, which describe phonological
awareness, showed that there was statistically
significant difference in the ability to rhyme
between these two subjects groups. T-test was
used for examination of the differences
between the male stuttering children and their
fluent peers, and also female stuttering
children and their fluent peers for the
phonological awareness variables. The results
exhibited statistically significant differences in
the variable Rhyme between the male
stuttering children and their fluent peers. In
addition, we examined the ability of phonemic
analysis of children who stutter and children
with fluent speech. The results showed that
there were not statistically significant
differences between stuttering and nonstuttering
children related to phonemic analysis
abilities.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zečić S, Mujkanović E, Devolli A. Logopedija. Sarajevo: Connectum, 2010.

National Institute od Deafness and Other Communication Disorders-(NIDCD) [Online]. 2010 [Cited 2013 May]. Available from: URL: http//www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/ voice/stutter.htm.

Salihović N, Junuzović-Žunić L, Ibrahimagić A. Poremećaji glasa, govora i jezika. Tuzla: Harfo-graf, 2006.

Owens RE Jr. Language development: An Introduction, 6th ed. New York, State University of New York, Geneseo: Pearson Education, Inc. 2005.

Roth FP, Worthington CK. Treatment resource manual for speech-language pathology, 3th ed. New York: Thomson Delmar Learning, 2005.

Anthony JL, Lonigan CJ. The nature of phonological awareness: Converging evidence from four studies of preschools and early grade school children. Journal of educational psychology 2004; 96 (1): 43-55.

Sardelić S, Bonetti A, Hrastinski I. Fonološka svjesnost u djece koja mucaju. Hrvatska revija za rehabilitacijska istraživanja 2007; 43 (1): 99-105.

Nippold MA. Stuttering and phonology: Is there an interaction? American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 2002; 11:99-110.

Yaruss JS, LaSalle LR, Conture EG. Evaluating Stuttering in Young Children. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 1998; 7: 62-76.

Nippold MA. Phonological disorders and stuttering in children: What is the frequency of co-occurrence? Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics 2001; 15: 219-228.

Eldridge KA. Phonological complexity and speech disfluency in young children. Dissertation. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, Department of communication science and disorders, 2006.

Hatcher PJ. Test of phonological awareness. Snowling M, ed. In: Sound Linkage An integrated programme for overcoming reading difficulties, 2th ed. Great Britain: Ashford Colour Press Ltd., 2008:21-35.

Newcomer PL, Hammill DD. Test of language development, 4th ed. Austin, Texas: Pro-ed., 2008.

Shah S. Home Literacy and Phonological Awareness as Predictors of Reading Ability. The UCI Undergraduate Research Journal [Online]. 2000 [Cited 2013 Nov]; 55:63. Available from: URL: http://www.urop.uci. edu/journal/journal00/pagemaker_pdf_export/06_sheela.pdf

Justice LM, Bowles RP, Skibbe LE. Measuring preschool attainment of print-concept knowledge: a study of typical and at-risk 3- to 5-year-old children using item response theory. Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in Schools 2006; 37 (3): 224:235.

Howell P, Au-Yeung J. Phonetic complexity and stuttering in Spanish. Clin Linguist Phon. 2007; 21 (2): 111-127.

Paden EP, Yairi E, Ambrose NG. Early childhood stuttering II: Initial status of phonological abilities. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 1999; 42: 1113-1124.

Byrd CT, Wolk L, Davis BL. Role of phonology in childhood stuttering and its treatment. Conture EG, Curlee RF, eds. In: Stuttering and related disorders of fluency. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 2007:168-182.

Gregg BA, Yairi E. Disfluency patterns and phonological skills near stuttering onset. J Commun Disord.2012; 45 (6): 426-438.

Аnderson JD, Conture EG. Sentence-structure priming in young children who do and do not stutter. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 2004; 47 (3): 552-71.

Weber-Fox C, Spruill JE, Spencer R, Smith A. Atypical neural functions underlying phonological processing and silent rehearsal in children who stutter. Developmental Science 2008; 11(2): 321-337.

Anderson JD, Byrd CT. Phonotactic Probability Effects in Children Who Stutter. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research 2008; 51(4): 851–866.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jser-2014-0004

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Article Metrics Graph

No metrics found.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.