This paper will try to provide an overview on Jordan’s special education programs for children with disabilities. Specifically, this paper will describe the emergence and development of special education services and the providers of these services within the context of Jordanian society. The key issues relevant to special teacher education, early childhood intervention, inclusive education and challenges faced by children with disabilities are also presented. The findings indicate that there are many challenges, including funding and support, inadequate instructional resources and techniques, shortage of pertinent knowledge and training, limited cooperation, and sparse data on children and youth with disabilities. This paper uses secondary data gathered from relevant reports, studies, and the understanding and experience of the author. Implications to improve the current special education practices for these students are discussed in this paper.


Students with disabilities, Special Education, Rehabilitation, Inclusive education

Full Text:



Melhem TUM, Isa ZM. Special education in Jordan: reality and expectations. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 2013; 3 (7): 414–422.

Amr M. Teacher education for inclusive education in the Arab world: The case of Jordan. Springer 2011; 41: 399–413.

Ministry of Education [Online]. Statistics of Schools in Jordan. Amman 2012: Available from: URL:

Al Jabery M, Zumberg M. General and special education systems in Jordan: present and future perspectives. International Journal of Special Education 2008; 23 (1):115–122.

Al-Zyoud N. An investigation into the current service provision for students with learning difficulties in Jordan: Teachers’ perspectives. School of Sport and Education 2011.

Economic and Social Council. Follow-up on priority issues in the field of social development in the ESCWA region, eighth session e/ ESCWA /sdd/ig.1/4 (part 1) 2010.

Hadidi M. Educational programs for children with special needs in Jordan. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities1998; 23, (2): 147-154.

Al Zyoudi M, Al Sartwai, A, & Dodin, H. Attitudes of Pre-service Teachers towards Inclusive Education in UAE and Jordan (a comparative study). International Journal of Disability, Community & Rehabilitation 2011; 10 (1).

Al-Natour M. Special needs education, program development/ learning disabilities. Final report, submitted for the ministry of education. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. (ERfKE 1) project 2008.

National Council for Family Affairs & UNICEF, Children in Jordan Situation Analysis 2006/2007, Amman: UNICEF 2007.

MoE (Ministry of Education). The Development of Education: National report of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: presented to the 48th session Geneva; 2008.

Turmusani M. Disability Policy and Provision in Jordan: A critical perspective. Disability and development: Learning from action and research on disability in the majority world 1999; 193–209.

Roggemann K, Shukri M. Active-learning pedagogies as a reform initiative: Thecase of Jordan. Washington, DC: American Institute of Research 2010.

At-Turki J. Difficulties faced by the employment of the persons with disabilities in the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan from the viewpoint of vocational trainers and the persons with disabilities and their parent’s preparation. European Journal of Social Sciences 2012; 27 (4): 488–510.

Al-Khatib J. Introduction to the rehabilitation of people with disabilities, Amman: DarWeal for Publishing and Distribution 2010, (In Arabic).

Al Khtaeeb, J. & Hadidi, M. Teachers' and Mothers' Satisfaction with Resource Room Programs in Jordan. Journal of the International Association for Special Education. 2009; 10(1): 56–59.

Abu-Hamour B. & Muhaidat M. Parents' attitudes towards inclusion of students with autism in Jordan, International Journal of Inclusive Education 2013; 20 (44): 1–13.

Al-Tarwana N. Pre-service teachers’ attitudes toward teacher preparation. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Jordan, 2008 (In Arabic).

Al-Khatib J. A survey of general education teachers’ knowledge of learning disabilities in Jordan. International Journal of Special Education 2007; 22(7): 72–76.

Al Ghazo E. Educators’ attitudes toward persons with disabilities: Factors affecting inclusion. Journal of the Faculty of Education 2002; 17(19): 27–43.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Article Metrics Graph

No metrics found.


  • There are currently no refbacks.