The aim of this paper is to examine recidivists’ and non-recidivists’ differences in characteristics of the psychosocial functioning after a treatment in a Disciplinary Centre for Juveniles in Sarajevo Canton, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The research was conducted on a sample of 131 juvenile delinquents adjudicated with the educational measure of referral to the juvenile disciplinary centre.  The statistical analysis was performed in the SPSS 17.0 program package. The differences between recidivists and non-recidivists were measured using Mann-Whitney test on all variables. A group of four variables were compared by: (a) school factors, (b) family factors, (c) spare time activities and peer relationships and (d) personality and behaviour of juveniles. The results have shown that risk factors are more  pronounced in recidivists in all four areas of the psychosocial functioning. The largest difference is in the areas related to spare time activities and peer-relationships, as well as family functioning. The results indicate that the intensified treatment should focus on these areas in order to prevent recidivism.


recidivism, educational measure, res¬ponsiveness factors

Full Text:



Ricijaš N, Jeđud-Borić I, Lotar-Rihtarić, M, Mirosavljević A. Pojačana briga i nadzor. Iz perspective mladih i voditelja mjere. Zagreb: Ured Unicefa za Hrvatsku; 2014.

Perkins-Dock RE. Family interventions with incarcerated youth: A review of the literature. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 2001; 45(5): 606≠625.

Ricijaš N. Procjena planiranje i izvještavanje u izvršenju maloljetničkih alternativnih sankcija. Ministarstvo socijalne politike i mladih Republike Hrvatske. Zagreb; 2012.

Koller-Trbović N, Juričanin T. Evaluacija nekih obilježja tretmana u okviru Disciplinskog centra za maloljetnike. Defektologija. Zagreb; 1990.

Mikšaj-Todorović Lj, Buđanovac A. Penološka re¬ha¬bilitacija I. Interna skripta. Zagreb: Defek-to¬loš¬ki fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu;1995.

Mbuba MJ. Juvenile recidivism: An analysis of race and other socio-demographic predictors within three intervention modalities in the State of Louisiana. A Dissertation. The Department of Sociology. Louisiana State University; 2004.

Wierson M, Forehand R. Predicting recidivism in juvenile delinquents: The role of mental health diagnoses and the qualification of conclusions by race. Behaviour Research and Therapy.1995; 33, 63≠67.

Boone J, Fulton BA. Implementing evidence-based practice in community corrections: The principles of effective implementation. Nacional Institute of corrections; 2004.

Maxwell G, Morris A. Family group conferences and re-offending’ in Restorative justice for juveniles: Conferencing, mediaon and circles. Oxford: Hart Publishing; 2001: 243≠263.

Loeber R, Farrington DP. The significance of child delinquency. Child delinquents: development, intervention and service needs. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2001; 1≠21.

Palmer T. Programmatic and non-programmatic aspects of successful intervention. Choosing correctional options that work: Defining the demand and evaluating the supply. Thousand Oaks: Ca Sage; 1996: 131-182.

Schumacher M, Kurz GA. The 8% solution: preventing serious, repeat juvenile crime. Sage Publications; 2000.

Farrington D P, Davies D. T. Repeated Contacts with the Criminal Justice System and Offender Outcomes. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. Statistics Canada; 2007.

Vasiljević D. Responsivnost kao faktor uspešnosti tretmana prestupnika. Socijalna misao. Defektološki fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu 2005; 12 (2-3): 107≠121. 15. Andrews DA, Bonta J. The psychology of criminal conduct. Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing; 1993.

Andrews DA, Bonta J, Hoge, RD. Classification for effective rehabilitation: Rediscovering psychology. Criminal Justice and Behaviour 1990;17: 19≠52.

Bogue B, et all. Implementing evidence-based principles in community corrections. Leading organizacional change and development. Washington DC: National Institute of Corrections and rime and Justice Institute; 2004.

Van Voorhis P. Correctional classification and the responsivity principle. Forum on corrections research; 1997.

Singer M. Kriminologija. Globus. Zagreb; 1996.

Heilbrun K. et all. Risk factors for juvenile criminal recidivism. The postrelease Community adjustment of juvenile offenders. Criminal justice and behaviour. 2000; 27 (3), 275≠291.

Leslie D. et all. Relating risk and protective factors to youth eoffending: A two-year follow-up. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies 2011; 2 (1): 172≠196.

MacRae LD, Bertrand L D, Paetsch J J, Hornick JP, DeGusti B. A study of youth reoffending in Calgary. Calgary: AB: Canadian Research Institute for Law and the Family; 2009.

Boiuillet D. Uzelac S. Osnove socijalne pedagogije. Školska knjiga d.d.. Zagreb; 2007.

Bender K. Why do some maltreated youth become juvenile offenders? A call for further investigation and adaptation of youth services. Children and Youth Services Review; 2010; 32, 466≠473.

Hansen WB. Prevention programs: Factors that individually focused program must address.Resourch papers.Rock-wille.1997; 53≠55.

Hoge RD, Andrews DA. Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory: User’s Manual. North Towanda, NY: Multi-Health Systems; 2002.

Elliott DS, Menard S. Delinquent friends and delinquent behaviour: Temporal and developmental patterns. In: Hawkins J. David., editor. Delinquency and crime: Current theories. Cambridge criminology series. Cambridge University Press; New York: 1996; 28≠67.

McCord J, Widom CS, Crowell NA. Juvenile crime, juvenile justice, panel of juvenile crime: prevention, treatment and control.Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 2001.

Cottle CC, Lee R J, Heilbrun K. The prediction of criminal recidivism in juveniles: A meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behaviour. 2001; 28, 367≠394.

Eva M, et all. A classification of risk factors in serious juvenile offenders and the relation between patterns of risk factors and recidivism. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health 2010; 20 (1): 23≠38.

Farrington, D P. Crime and the family. The Criminologist, 2010; 35 (2), 1≠6.

Machteld H, et all. The Relationship Between Parenting and Delinquency: A Meta-analysis. J Abnorm Child Psychol 2009; 37(6): 749≠775.

Henggeler et all. Multisystemic therapy: an effective violence prevention approach for serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Adolescence 1996; 19: 47≠61.

Kershaw M A, Beckerman A, Perkins D. Young chronic offenders: A case study of contextual and intervention characteristics. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice 2005; 3 (2): 133-150. 35. Archer D, Johnson V, Miller K, et al. Persistent young offenders: A retrospective study. London: Youth Justice Board for England and Wales; 2005.

MacRae LD, Lorne DB, Joanne JP, Joseph PH. Relating risk and protective factors to youth reoffending: a two year follow up. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies 2011; 2.(1): 172≠196.

Cernkovich SA, Giordano PC. School Bonding, Race, and Delinquency. Criminology 1992; 30 (2): 261≠291.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Article Metrics Graph

No metrics found.


  • There are currently no refbacks.