DESIGNING A QUESTIONNA IRE FOR MEASURING MINDSET (PMUS) IN ADOL ESCENTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MAC EDON IA

Violeta Petroska Beshka, Elena Achkovska Leshkovska

Abstract


Mindset is a modern concept in psychology with theoretical and practical significance. It is a set of assumptions, believes, attitudes about one’s own potentials and capacities that affect the individual’s cognition, motivation and behavior in various contexts. There is a difference between fixed and growth
mindset that depends on how individuals view their intelligence, learning and personality attributes; how they set their goals; what are their attitudes toward putting efforts; and how they react when facing challenges. Many interventions
aiming at shifting from fixed to growth mindset have been designed and a lot of research has been conducted to assess the effects of these interventions. Based on experiences of using similar instruments in other countries, a questionnaire for measuring the mindset (PMUS) for research and practical purposes in the Republic of Macedonia has been developed. PMUS consists of 15 items that were selected after psychometric analysis of 25 preliminary items administered to a sample of 318 students. The psychometric analysis of PMUS proved that the instrument has discriminative power, internal homogeneity and appropriate factor structure. Norms for interpretation of questionnaire scores are offered to support the practical implementation of PMUS.

 

Keywords: mindset, fixed mindset, growth mindset, measuring mindset, PMUS


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