Blagoja Janakov


The text is a short review of the contemporary state of the psychology of dreaming. Dreaming is very different from the awake state. It is a more basic, more primitive and more authentic mental functioning than the awake functioning; in dreaming rationality is mainly absent, therefore feelings are more strongly presented. Dreaming is a creative private phenomenon. Many dreams are odd and unlike the reality, but they are related to reality. Subjective possible things are represented in dreams. Dreams are more unpleasant than pleasant; more often represent dangerous or difficult situations and problems. Some dreams present a step toward the diversity of the dreamer, i.e. in them possible states and changes of the dreamer and his/hers living context are presented. In dreams many people and other creatures are presented. Figures in dreams are various, but the main one is the dreamer him/herself. Some dreams are important. Dreaming has several purposes. We do not dream in vain; dreams have meaning and can be interpreted. The paper also discusses the determination of dreams. Dreaming has an important role in the integration, changing and development of mentality/personality. Some studies have clearly confirmed the living necessity of dreaming. The last part of the paper contains an interpretation of some types of dreams (according to R. Johnson): nightmares, disasters, death, blood, running from something/someone, indecent dreams, erotic dreams, dreams about money, etc.

Keywords: dream/dreaming, characteristics of dreaming, purposes of dreaming, meaning and interpretation of dreams

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