СОЦИЈАЛНА ИСКЛУЧЕНОСТ: ПОИМ, ПРИСТАПИ И ОПЕРАЦИОНАЛИЗАЦИЈА

Зоран Шуќур

Abstract


Attractiveness of the social exclusion is not correspondent with its con- ceptual and theoretical establishm­ent. The article explores different problem­s of defining social exclusion, basic approaches as well as efforts for conceptual op- erationalization. The author pays particular attention to differentiating social ex- clusion from­ other concepts or approaches, especially its separation from­ pov- erty, as early use of the exclusion concept appeared as substitute for poverty. The author analysеs advantages and disadvantages of the conceptual turn to- wards social exclusion. One of its advantages is that enables easy shifting from­ one discourse or paradigm­ to another. Different m­eanings and causes of social exclusion as well as m­odels of social integration are being analysed through three paradigm­s: solidarity, specialization and m­onopoly. Until now there have been different efforts for operationalization of the social exclusion. The author argues that only the com­bination of inadequate distributional and participative dim­ensions can serve as an indicator for social exclusion. Also the article em­- phasizes need for m­ore system­atic analysis of indicators of exclusion. The con- cept of social exclusion has m­erged the m­aterial and socio-psychological as- pects of the living standard. Tendencies within European social policy to replace the term­ poverty with exclusion are not fully justified. Social policy needs to m­aintain both approaches so that it can direct its instrum­ents towards risk groups and prevent poverty to end with m­arginalization and lim­ited social par- ticipation.

 

Key words: social exclusion, poverty, m­arginalization, distributional and participative dim­ensions, social integration, deprivation, inclusion

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