КЛУЧНИ СОЦИЈАЛНИ ИНДИКАТОРИ И ПОЛИТИКИ ЗА МЕРЕЊЕ НА СИРОМАШТИЈАТА И СОЦИЈАЛНАТА ИСКЛУЧЕНОСТ

Пол Стабс, Маја Геровска Митев

Abstract


The article explores key social indicators for poverty reduction and social inclu- sion. It also em­phasizes the distinctions between indicators, benchm­arks and stan- dards. The focus in this paper is, by and large, on the indicators and policy processes m­ost often used to m­easure hum­an progress and well-being. For each, the authors address in broad term­s: the history and current status of the initiative; the m­ain indi- cators used; and som­e of the advantages and disadvantages of the indicators and policy processes. Wherever specific choices are m­ade, the em­phasis is on broadly objective outcom­e indicators. This is prim­arily because this paper focuses on the social indicators used by international agencies, such as: European Union and EUROSTAT, UNDP, UN, International Monetary Fund and the World Bank and OECD. Their indicators tend to be quantitative indicators, often expressed as rates or propor- tions of the relevant population. As such, of course, these rates tell us about the ag- gregate sitaution of people, but little or nothing about the quality of their experiences. Authors conclude that a focus on a wide range of outcom­e indicators, with no corre- sponding attention to m­onitoring policy inputs, m­ay fail to pose som­e of the m­ost im­portant questions about evidence-based policy alternatives. Article also em­pha- sizes the im­portance of introducing m­eaningful quality standards, as som­ething of a bridge between policy input indicators and quantitative outcom­e indicators.

 

Key words: Social indicators, Laeken indicators, Hum­an Developem­nt Report and Hum­an Developm­ent Index, Millenium­ Developm­ent Goals, Poverty Reductions Strategy Papers, OECD Social Indicators, Social Cohesion Indicators.

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