Активни мерки на пазарот на трудот во Србија – Предизвици и резултати

Д. Вуковиќ, Н. Перишиќ


Transition changes in Serbia werefollowed by profound political, economicand social problems. Afterthe „democratic changes“ of 2000 aprogress has been made in providingmacro-economic stability andeconomic reforms, but the labourmarket situation is still unfavorable.Restructuring of economy andunsuccessful privatization haveresulted in reduced employmentand increased unemployment,whileyoung, women, people withsecondary-school qualifications,disabled, refugees and internallydisplaced persons, certain ethnicminorities and rural inhabitants areespecially exposed to risk of stayingwithout jobs. Negative effectsof the global economic crisis havetrigerred the problem of lack of anadequate employment policy andshortages of ALMP.Programmes of active and passivelabour market measures havebeen created pursuant to legal regulationsand available financial resources.The number of beneficiariesof cash benefits has been constantlyincreasing. Expenditures forALMP have been modest and insufficientfor the realization of ambitiousprogrammes. Researchesof the results of ALMP implementationin the previous period havepointed to limited effects and inadequatecoverage of unemployed.Labor market has been reformedaccording to general strategic orientations,specific national situationand challegens of the Europeanintegration. New laws havebeen enacted, as well as strategiesfor the periods 2005-2010and 2011-2020 along with the actionplans. Strategic orientationshave been clearly defined with anemphasis on greater expendituresfor ALMP, but it was not realized inpractice in full. New vawe of recessionhas resulted in additional reductionof costs for ALMP, whichwill impact the realization of ambitiouslyprojected aims pursuant to„Europe 2020“.

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