„ЈАСМИН РЕВОЛУЦИЈА“ – ПРВАТА АВТЕНТИЧНА РЕВОЛУЦИЈА ВО АРАПСКИОТ СВЕТ - ТУНИС

Игор ЃОРЕСКИ

Abstract


In the past period we have seen a lot of story about Tunisia’s revolution, but fewpeople understand what exactly happened in this country. It is the High North country onthe African continent with a population which exceeding 10.5 million inhabitants and a GDPof 9,400$ per capita in 2010219. In Tunisia there are 13% unemployment, below the povertylive about 3,8% of the population (2005) 220, GDP growth in 2010 was about 3%.221 Thiscountry was one of the most open economies in the region and in the past decade sawstrong economic growth, which slowed down because of shocks in the euro area, since theEU was a major economic partner of this country. The growth of the economy was notsufficient to reduce unemployment in the country in recent years. According to research atThe Economist in 2010, Tunisia is classified as an authoritarian state and the so-calledDemocracy index of 2.79 and ended on 92nd place from 167 countries.222 Since itsdeclaration of independence from France 55 years ago, Tunisia had only two presidents whoruled autocratically and until 2011 demonstrations against the regime were very rare. TheGovernment are strove to maintain peace in the country by all available means, and everyopposition thought was cat down from her root. Because of Tunisia was a state where withdecades people aren’t opposed to the government and appeared to rule a general lethargy,without any collective consciousness and hope that the situation can be improved. Untilearly 2011 the authoritarian regime and the Western Allies and the United States believedthat the people of this country can raise its voice and dignified life for greater freedom. Atthe end of 2010 began demonstrations against authoritarian regime, and organization ofprotest in Tunisia, first was performed by means of mass communication - mobile phonesand Internet social networks (Facebook, My Space, and Twitter). Here, we can ask aboutdilemma of what is the impact of the Internet, social networks and mobile phones toorganize riots and demonstrations? Are we entitled to say that Tunisia is the first Internet revolution happened in the world? However the genesis of the reasons that led to riotsgates regime Zine El Abidine Ben Ali are deep in the past of this country.

Key words: revolution, security, democracy, protests, internet.


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