THE THREAT FROM NON-STATE ACTORS IN XXI CENTURY THROUGH THE LENSES ON THE KLAUZEVIC TRIAD

Nenad Taneski

Abstract


Today there still are fundamental issues that need to be addressed andrevisited, with regards to our existing beliefs about the contemporary threats and theirmutating nature, after September 11. In the past years there have been events that did notgo in the interest of the global Islamic Al-Qaeda movement. The wave of popular uprisingsknown as Arab Spring, resulted in toppling long-years dictatorships in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen. Then in May 2011, with the killing of Bin Laden, and later of other high rankingleaders, Al Qaeda faced the most dramatic defeat by losing its ideological leader. However,twelve years after the beginning of the new millennium and the most evident defeat on allopen f ronts b y t he w estern p owers, t his a symmetric n on-state enemy is still notundefeated. What are its long term objectives? Is it a global organisation, network,insurgency movement or ideology? What is their center of gravitation? Is it still necessaryto use the term ‘enemy’ and to detect it in the face of the Middle East states, and as keyfactor for investment of huge military and civil resources in dealing with it and still usingthe term ‘violent extremism’? T his paper is aimed t o give response to s ome of thesequestions with a view to understand why the military doctrines that existed so far and theconventional methods are not efficient in dealing with contemporary non-state threats andthat the need to refine them is obvious.

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