AGENCY-STRUCTURE DEBATE: THE LIMIT OF SOCIOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE

Robert BOSILKOVSKI

Abstract


Abstract: The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that the agency-structure debate does not only emphasize the contradictory nature of social reality but also discloses from the very theoretical positions – usually divided as voluntaristic or deterministic – a fundamental contradiction immanent in the sociological approach to this issue with regard mostly to the theory of action. It also shows the pervasiveness of positivism, irrespective of the level of sociological abstraction of the facts, for the reason that what is precluded is any departure from the given order of things even when the dichotomy (agency-structure) is subsumed under the concepts of change. But they are derived entirely from the particular forms of relations and the obtaining of laws is performed out of presupposed common and enduring reality defined as “everyday reality”. In other words the epistemological and ontological issues in reference to this topic given by the standard interpretation are unreservedly in preserving this reality. In this paper the abstraction, on the contrary, bounds the multitude of forms and relations of social reality to socio-historical processes in which they are constituted. In other words, it does not neglect the facts but only adds the processes in which these facts develop and in which the relation between agency and structure can be resolved. Keywords: metatheory, micro-macro level, negative unity, self-reflection of totality, everyday reality, ordinary consciousness, teleology, ontological necessity, form and content, quasi-transcendentalism.

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